Randomized, multi-center trial of two hypo-energetic diets in obese subjects: high- versus low-fat content

M. Petersen, M.A. Taylor, W.H. Saris, C. Verdich, S. Toubro, I. Macdonald, S. Rossner, V. Stich, B. Guy Grand, D. Langin, J.A. Martinez, O. Pedersen, C. Holst, T.I. Sorensen, A. Astrup*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Objective:To investigate whether a hypo-energetic low-fat diet is superior to a hypo-energetic high-fat diet for the treatment of obesity.Design:Open-label, 10-week dietary intervention comparing two hypo-energetic (-600 kcal/day) diets with a fat energy percent of 20-25 or 40-45.Subjects:Obese (BMI >/=30 kg/m(2)) adult subjects (n=771), from eight European centers.Measurements:Body weight loss, dropout rates, proportion of subjects who lost more than 10% of initial body weight, blood lipid profile, insulin and glucose.Results:The dietary fat energy percent was 25% in the low-fat group and 40% in the high-fat group (mean difference: 16 (95% confidence interval (CI) 15-17)%). Average weight loss was 6.9 kg in the low-fat group and 6.6 kg in the high-fat group (mean difference: 0.3 (95% CI -0.2 to 0.8) kg). Dropout was 13.6% (n=53) in the low-fat group and 18.3% (n=70) in the high-fat group (P=0.001). Among completers, more subjects lost >10% in the low-fat group than in the high-fat group ((20.8%, n=70) versus (14.7%, n=46), P=0.02). Fasting plasma total, low-density lipoprotein- and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol decreased in both groups, but more so in the low-fat group than in the high-fat group. Fasting plasma insulin and glucose were lowered equally by both diets.Conclusions:The low-fat diet produced similar mean weight loss as the high-fat diet, but resulted in more subjects losing >10% of initial body weight and fewer dropouts. Both diets produced favorable changes in fasting blood lipids, insulin and glucose.International Journal of Obesity advance online publication, 6 December 2005; doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0803186.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-560
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

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