Damage to healthy tissue is a major limitation of radiotherapy treatment of cancer patients, leading to several side effects and complications. Radiation-induced release of pro-inflammatory cytokines is thought to be partially responsible for the radiation-associated complications. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of extracellular ATP on markers of oxidative stress, radiation-induced inflammation and DNA damage in irradiated blood ex vivo. ATP inhibited radiation-induced TNF-alpha release and increased IL-10 release. The inhibitory effect of ATP on TNF- alpha release was completely reversed by adenosine 5'-O-thiomonophosphate, indicating a P2Y(11) mediated effect. Furthermore, ATP attenuated radiation-induced DNA damage immediate, 3 and 6h after irradiation. Our study indicates that ATP administration alleviates radiation-toxicity to blood cells, mainly by inhibiting radiation-induced inflammation and DNA damage.
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2008|