Radiation-Induced Lung Density Changes on CT Scan for NSCLC: No Impact of Dose-Escalation Level or Volume

Gilles Defraene*, Matthew La Fontaine, Simon van Kranen, Bart Reymen, Jose Belderbos, Jan-Jakob Sonke, Dirk De Ruysscher

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Purpose: Dose-escalation for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the positron emission tomography (PET)-boost trial (NCT01024829) exposes portions of normal lung tissue to high radiation doses. The relationship between lung parenchyma dose and density changes on computed tomography (CT) was analyzed.

Materials and Methods: The CT scans of 59 patients with stage IB to III NSCLC, randomized between a boost to the whole primary tumor and an integrated boost to its 50% SUVmax (maximum standardized uptake value) volume. Patients were treated with concurrent or sequential chemoradiation or radiation only. Deformable registration mapped the 3-month follow-up CT to the planning CT. Hounsfield unit differences (Delta HU) were extracted to assess lung parenchyma density changes. Equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions (EQD2)-Delta HU response was described sigmoidally, and regional response variation was studied by polar analysis. Prognostic factors of Delta HU were obtained through generalized linear modeling.

Results: Saturation of AHU was observed above 60 Gy. No interaction was found between boost dose distribution (D-1cc and V-70Gy) and Delta HU at lower doses. Delta HU was lowest peripherally from the tumor and peaked posteriorly at 3 cm from the tumor border (3.1 HU/Gy). Right lung location was an independent risk factor for Delta HU (P = .02).

Conclusions: No apparent increase of lung density changes at 3-month follow-up was observed above 60 Gy EQD2 for patients with NSCLC treated with (concurrent or sequential chemo) radiation. The mild response observed peripherally in the lung parenchyma might be exploited in plan optimization routines minimizing lung damage. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)642-650
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume102
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • HIGH-PRECISION RADIOTHERAPY
  • CANCER PATIENTS
  • ADAPTIVE RADIOTHERAPY
  • EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION
  • LIMITING TOXICITY
  • RAT LUNG
  • DAMAGE
  • QUANTIFICATION
  • PNEUMONITIS
  • IRRADIATION

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