Queering Judaism and Masculinist Invention: German Homonationalism Around 1900

Ulrike Brunotte

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


The chapter places current secular homonationalism and its Othering of cultural-religious differences in a historical genealogy. It focuses on the Second German Empire, wherein the political crisis around the Kaiser and his alleged ‘homosexual’ circle of friends, was represented as a “male gender crisis”. Just as debates within the incipient gay movement, mostly fostered by the “masculinists”, the discourse focused on ‘normal masculinity’. I’ll address a religious contour of and possible Jewish inflection in the construction of homosexualities. Processes of racialization and queering Judaism did play a significant role for marking an internal differentiation between an “effeminate”, “degenerate” Jewish homosexuality, and an “ultra-virile”, “healthy”, Aryan inversion. The masculinists were the right-wing, anti-Semitic part of the German gay rights movement. Their key model of an ideal state was the homoerotic male-band. The chapter interconnects postcolonial-, gender- and studies in anti-Semitism.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPublic Discourses About Homosexuality and Religion in Europe and Beyond
EditorsMarco Derks, Mariecke van den Berg
Place of PublicationCham (Switzerland)
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-56326-4
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-56325-7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • Homosexuality, Judaism, Homonationalism
  • Homophobia
  • Antisemitism


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