Quantitative ultrasound for monitoring bone status in institutionalized adults with refractory epilepsy and intellectual disability: A 7-year follow-up study

S. L. S. Cornelissen, J. J. L. Berkvens*, I. Y. Tan, K. Beerhorst, P. Verschuure, S. Mergler, H. J. M. Majoie, J. P. W. van den Bergh

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Purpose: Long-term exposure to anti-epileptic drugs has been shown to decrease bone mineral density (BMD). The aim of this 7-year follow-up study was to explore changes in bone status, using quantitative ultrasound (QUS) and Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) in adults with refractory epilepsy and intellectual disability (ID) residing at a long-term care facility. Both measurements can be challenging to conduct in this population.

Methods: In 2009 and 2016, a total of 126 patients (18-79 years) underwent QUS of the heel and DXA of lumbar spine (LS) and hip (femoral neck (FN) and total hip (TH)). Subgroup analysis was performed for patients with (group A, n = 53) and without (group B, n = 73) bisphosphonate use during follow-up.

Results: Overall, weak to moderate correlations between changes in DXA and QUS parameters were found. For group A, correlations varied from r =.31 to.59, whereas correlations did not exceed r =.40 in group B. Patients in group A showed a larger increase or a smaller decrease in BMD for all DXA regions during follow-up (p

Conclusion: In this study we demonstrated the limited use of QUS in the monitoring of bone status in our study population. Although correlations between changes in QUS parameters and axial DXA are positive and mostly significant, QUS only explains little of the variability in DXA values and is inadequate for measuring treatment response in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-41
Number of pages7
JournalSEIZURE-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EPILEPSY
Volume71
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Epilepsy
  • Anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs)
  • Bone mineral density (BMD)
  • Quantitative ultrasound (QUS)
  • Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)
  • Bisphosphonates
  • X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY
  • ANTIEPILEPTIC DRUG-THERAPY
  • MINERAL DENSITY
  • HIGH PREVALENCE
  • OLDER WOMEN
  • OSTEOPOROSIS
  • ULTRASONOGRAPHY
  • DENSITOMETRY
  • MANAGEMENT
  • CALCANEUS

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