Quantitative analysis of maturational changes in EEG background activity in very preterm infants with a normal neurodevelopment at 1 year of age

Hendrik J. Niemarkt, P. Andriessen*, C. H. L. Peters, Jaco W. Pasman, L. J. Zimmermann, Sidarto Bambang Oetomo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

28 Citations (Web of Science)


Background: The electroencephalographic (EEG) background pattern of preterm infants changes with post-menstrual age (PMA) from discontinuous activity to continuous activity. However, changes in discontinuity have been investigated by visual analysis only. Aim: To investigate the maturational changes in EEG discontinuity in healthy preterm infants using an automated EEG detection algorithm. Study design: Weekly 4 Is EEG recordings were performed in preterm infants with a gestational age (GA)<32 weeks and normal neurological follow-up at 1 year. The channel C3-C4 was analyzed using an algorithm which automatically detects periods of EEG inactivity (interburst intervals). The interburst-burst ratio (IBR, percentage of EEG inactivity during a moving time window of 600 s) and mean length of the interburst intervals were calculated. Using the IBR, discontinuous background activity (periods with high IBR) and continuous background activity (periods with low IBR) were automatically detected and their mean length during each recording was calculated. Data were analyzed with regression and multivariate analysis. Results: 79 recordings were performed in 18 infants. All recordings showed a cyclical pattern in EEG discontinuity. With advancing PMA, IBR (R-2=0.64: p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-224
JournalEarly Human Development
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010


  • EEG
  • Preterm infants
  • Brain development
  • Quantitative analysis

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