Quality Sleep Is Associated With Overnight Metabolic Rate in Healthy Older Adults

Giulio Valenti*, Alberto G. Bonomi, Klaas R. Westerterp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: Increasing age is associated with an increase in overnight metabolic rate.

Objective: To determine the relationship between quality sleep, sleep efficiency, and overnight metabolic rate as measured in a respiration chamber in older participants.

Methods: The study design was cross sectional. Forty participants, aged 50 to 83 years (17 males, age 63 +/- 7 years, body mass index 25.7 +/- 2.3 kg/m(2)) spent one night in a respiration chamber to measure sleep stages by polysomnography and overnight metabolic rate (OMR). Data were collected between 23: 00 and 07: 00. Subsequently basal metabolic rate (BMR) was measured under a ventilated hood. Quality sleep was calculated as time spent in rapid-eye movement (REM) sleep and slow wave sleep divided by total sleep time, and sleep efficiency was calculated as total sleep time divided by the sleep period time. Body movement was measured between 23: 00 and 07: 00 with an accelerometer on the wrist. Overnight metabolic rate was adjusted for body size by dividing by basal metabolic rate (OMR/BMR).

Results: OMR/BMR was positively associated with age (r = 0.48, p

Conclusion: Quality sleep is inversely associated with the age-related rise in overnight metabolic rate, suggesting that increased overnight metabolic rate is a biological sign of ageing as a consequence of diminished quality sleep.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-571
Number of pages5
JournalJournals of Gerontology Series A-Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume72
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Metabolism
  • Sleep
  • Physiology
  • BODY INDIRECT CALORIMETRY
  • ENERGY-EXPENDITURE
  • REM-SLEEP
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • GROWTH-HORMONE
  • AGE
  • MEN
  • DEPRIVATION
  • APPETITE
  • CHAMBER

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