Quality of dietary intake in relation to body composition in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease eligible for pulmonary rehabilitation

C. van de Bool, C. Mattijssen Verdonschot, P.P.M.J. van Melick, M.A. Spruit, F.M.E. Franssen, E.F.M. Wouters, A.M.W.J. Schols, E.P.A. Rutten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background/Objectives:A poor dietary quality may accelerate disturbances composition in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but only studies have investigated dietary intake from this perspective. The the current study was to investigate dietary intake in relation to low mass and abdominal obesity in COPD.Subjects/methods:Dietary intake was by means of a cross-check dietary history method in 564 COPD patients for pulmonary rehabilitation. The Dutch Food Composition Database was calculate nutrient intake, which was compared with the 2006 the Dutch Health Council. Body composition was assessed by DEXA general, the reported intake of macronutrients represented a typical diet. With regard to micronutrients, vitamin D and calcium intakes were recommended levels in the majority of patients (>75%), whereas vitamin intakes were below the recommended levels in over one-third of patients. with inadequate vitamin D intake more frequently reported a low intake (P=0.02) and micronutrients (P<0.001). Patients with a low fat-free mass (FFMI) more often had low intake of protein, while abdominally obese more often had low intake of protein and most micronutrients (P<0.05). with both low FFMI and abdominal obesity appeared most often to be poor-quality diet.Conclusions:Our data indicate that dietary quality is COPD patients referred for pulmonary rehabilitation and differs between with different body composition profiles.European Journal of Clinical advance online publication, 11 December 2013; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2013.257.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-165
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

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