qTICI: Quantitative assessment of brain tissue reperfusion on digital subtraction angiograms of acute ischemic stroke patients

Haryadi Prasetya*, Lucas A. Ramos, Thabiso Epema, Kilian M. Treurniet, Bart J. Emmer, Ido R. van den Wijngaard, Guang Zhang, Manon Kappelhof, Olvert A. Berkhemer, Albert J. Yoo, Yvo B. E. W. M. Roos, Robert J. van Oostenbrugge, Diederik W. J. Dippel, Wim H. van Zwam, Aad van der Lugt, Bas A. J. M. de Mol, Charles B. L. M. Majoie, Ed van Bavel, Henk A. Marquering, MR CLEAN Registry Investigators

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review



The Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (TICI) scale is an important outcome measure to evaluate the quality of endovascular stroke therapy. The TICI scale is ordinal and observer-dependent, which may result in suboptimal prediction of patient outcome and inconsistent reperfusion grading.


We present a semi-automated quantitative reperfusion measure (quantified TICI (qTICI)) using image processing techniques based on the TICI methodology.


We included patients with an intracranial proximal large vessel occlusion with complete, good quality runs of anteroposterior and lateral digital subtraction angiography from the MR CLEAN Registry. For each vessel occlusion, we identified the target downstream territory and automatically segmented the reperfused area in the target downstream territory on final digital subtraction angiography. qTICI was defined as the percentage of reperfused area in target downstream territory. The value of qTICI and extended TICI (eTICI) in predicting favorable functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale 0-2) was compared using area under receiver operating characteristics curve and binary logistic regression analysis unadjusted and adjusted for known prognostic factors.


In total, 408 patients with M1 or internal carotid artery occlusion were included. The median qTICI was 78 (interquartile range 58-88) and 215 patients (53%) had an eTICI of 2C or higher. qTICI was comparable to eTICI in predicting favorable outcome with area under receiver operating characteristics curve of 0.63 vs. 0.62 (P = 0.8) and 0.87 vs. 0.86 (P = 0.87), for the unadjusted and adjusted analysis, respectively. In the adjusted regression analyses, both qTICI and eTICI were independently associated with functional outcome.


qTICI provides a quantitative measure of reperfusion with similar prognostic value for functional outcome to eTICI score.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-216
Number of pages10
JournalInternational journal of stroke
Issue number2
Early online date25 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • Digital subtraction angiography
  • reperfusion
  • ischemic stroke
  • endovascular therapy
  • TIME

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