QED factorization of two-body non-leptonic and semi-leptonic B to charm decays

M. Beneke, P. Boer*, G. Finauri, K.K. Vos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The QCD×QED factorization is studied for two-body non-leptonic and semi-leptonic B decays with heavy-light final states. These non-leptonic decays, like B¯(s)0→D(s)+π− and B¯d0→D+K−, are among the theoretically cleanest non-leptonic decays as penguin loops do not contribute and colour-suppressed tree amplitudes are suppressed in the heavy-quark limit or even completely absent. Advancing the theoretical calculations of such decays requires therefore also a careful analysis of QED effects. Including QED effects does not alter the general structure of factorization which is analogous for both semi-leptonic and non-leptonic decays. For the latter, we express our result as a correction of the tree amplitude coefficient a 1. At the amplitude level, we find QED effects at the sub-percent level, which is of the same order as the QCD uncertainty. We discuss the phenomenological implications of adding QED effects in light of discrepancies observed between theory and experimental data, for ratios of non-leptonic over semi-leptonic decay rates. At the level of the rate, ultrasoft photon effects can produce a correction up to a few percent, requiring a careful treatment of such effects in the experimental analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number223
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 27 Oct 2021


  • QCD Phenomenology


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