Pure versus guided mirror exposure to reduce body dissatisfaction: a preliminary study with university women

S. Moreno-Dominguez, S. Rodriguez-Ruiz, M.C. Fernandez-Santaella, A.T.M. Jansen, B. Tuschen-Caffier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

While effectiveness of mirror exposure to reduce body dissatisfaction has been demonstrated, the exposure was almost always combined with other interventions. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a pure mirror exposure intervention compared with a guided mirror exposure (participants are guided to describe their body shape in a non-evaluative manner) and an imagery exposure intervention (participants are guided to describe their body through mental representation). Thirty-one women with high body dissatisfaction received five sessions of treatment under one of the three conditions. All interventions reduced body dissatisfaction, but only the mirror exposures successfully reduced the frequency of negative thoughts and feelings of ugliness. Pure mirror exposure was more effective than guided exposure for reducing body discomfort within and between sessions. Pure mirror exposure, based on the traditional extinction paradigm, led to strong emotional activation followed by a fast decrease in emotional reactivity. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-288
Number of pages4
JournalBody Image
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Body dissatisfaction
  • Mirror exposure
  • Imagery exposure
  • Extinction
  • University women
  • EATING ATTITUDES TEST
  • ANOREXIA-NERVOSA
  • BULIMIA-NERVOSA
  • VALIDATION
  • DISORDER
  • SHAPE

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