Pulmonary Rehabilitation Improves Self-Management Ability in Subjects With Obstructive Lung Disease

S.M.J. Janssen*, T.P.M.V. Vlieland, G. Volker, M.A. Spruit, J.J. Abbink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Optimizing self-management is a key element in multidisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with asthma or COPD. This observational study aimed to investigate the changes in self-management following pulmonary rehabilitation in subjects with chronic lung disease. METHODS: Data were prospectively and routinely gathered at initial assessment and discharge in subjects taking part in a 12-week multidisciplinary out-patient pulmonary rehabilitation program. Measures of self-management included the Patient Activation Measure (PAM), the Health Education Impact Questionnaire (HEIQ) (8 subscales), a Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (2 subscales), the Lung Information Needs Questionnaire (LINQ), and the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ) (9 subscales). Mean differences with 95% CI and effect sizes were computed. RESULTS: A total of 70 subjects (62.9% women) were included, with a median age of 63.5 y; most of the subjects had been diagnosed with COPD (77%). Between admission and discharge, all measures of self-management increased significantly except for the HEIQ subscales of constructive attitudes and approaches, social integration and support, and health services navigation; and the HLQ subscale of social support for health. The largest improvements (effect size > 0.55) were seen for the PAM (0.57); the HEIQ subscales of health-directed behavior (0.71), self-monitoring and insight (0.62), and skill and technique acquisition (1.00); the HLQ subscales of having sufficient information to manage my health (1.21) and actively managing my health (0.66); and the LINQ (1.85). CONLCUSIONS: Self-management, including activation, improved significantly in subjects with asthma or COPD who took part in a multidisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation program. (C) 2021 Daedalus Enterprises.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1271-1281
Number of pages11
JournalRespiratory Care
Volume66
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • self-management
  • patient activation
  • COPD
  • asthma
  • pulmonary rehabilitation
  • PATIENT ACTIVATION
  • PEOPLE
  • QUESTIONNAIRE
  • IMPACT
  • VALIDATION
  • EFFICACY
  • SUPPORT
  • SCALE
  • HADS

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