Psychotherapie in the Netherland after the Second World War

H. Oosterhuis*, Giel Hutschemaekers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalSpecial issueAcademicpeer-review


The early history of psychotherapy in the Netherlands hardly differs from that of the surrounding countries. Somewhat later than in France and Germany, psychotherapy appeared during the last decades of the nineteenth century, with general practitioners who started to treat their patients (mainly for all kinds of somatic complaints) by psychological means. In the early decades of the twentieth century, psychotherapy was narrowed down to mainly psychoanalytic treatment. The patient population consisted of a small ?lite group of people who belonged to the upper social classes. The practice of psychotherapy was restricted to some ?enlightened? psychoanalysts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-448
JournalMedical History
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004

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