Psychosocial beliefs related to intention to use HIV testing and counselling services among suspected tuberculosis patients in Kassala state, Sudan

A.M. Idris*, R. Crutzen, H.W. Van den Borne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BackgroundThere is limited information about the psychosocial sub-determinants regarding the use of HIV Testing and Counselling (HTC) services among suspected Tuberculosis (TB) patients in Sudan. This study aimed to assess the association between psychosocial beliefs and the intention to use HTC services and to establish the relevance of these beliefs for developing behaviour change interventions among suspected TB patients.MethodsSuspected TB patients (N=383) from four separate TB facilities completed a cross-sectional questionnaire which was based on the Reasoned Action Approach theory. Eligibility criteria included attending Tuberculosis Management Units in Kassala State as suspected TB patients and aged 18-64years. A Confidence Interval Based Estimation of Relevance (CIBER) analysis approach was employed to investigate the association of the beliefs with the intention to use HTC services and to establish their relevance to be targeted in behaviour change interventions.ResultsThe CIBER results showed the beliefs included in the study accounted for 59 to 70% of the variance in intention to use HTC services. The belief "My friends think I have to use HTC services" was positively associated with the intent to use HTC, and it is highly relevant for intervention development. The belief "I would fear to be stigmatized if I get a HIV positive result" was negatively related to the intention to use HTC services and was considered a highly relevant belief. The belief "If I use HTC services, health care providers will keep my HIV test result confidential" was strongly associated with the intention to use HTC services. However, the relevance of this belief as a target for future interventions development was relatively low. Past experience with HTC services was weakly associated with the intention to use HTC services.ConclusionThe intention to use HTC was a function of psychosocial beliefs. The beliefs investigated varied in their relevance for interventions designed to encourage the use of HTC services. Interventions to promote intention to use HIV testing and counselling services should address the most relevant beliefs (sub-determinants). Further study is needed to establish the relevance of sub-determinants of the intention to use HTC services for interventions development.
Original languageEnglish
Article number75
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Public Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2021


  • Beliefs
  • Confidence interval-based estimation of relevance (CIBER)
  • Determinants
  • HIV testing
  • Intention
  • RISK
  • Suspected TB patients
  • TB
  • VCT
  • beliefs
  • confidence interval-based estimation of relevance (ciber)
  • determinants
  • hiv testing
  • intention
  • suspected tb patients

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