Psychopathology in adults with 22q11 deletion syndrome and moderate and severe intellectual disability

L.J.M. Evers, T.A.M.J. van Amelsvoort, M.J.J.M. Candel, H. Boer, J.J.M. Engelen, L. Curfs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background22q11 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is associated with mild or borderline intellectual disability (ID). There are hardly any reports on subjects with 22q11DS with moderate or severe ID, and therefore its behavioural and psychiatric characteristics are unknown. MethodWe describe behavioural and psychiatric characteristics of 33 adults with 22q11DS and a Full-Scale IQ (FSIQ) below 55. Participants were divided into two groups: one group having a FSIQ55 caused by intellectual decline (n=21) and one group with a FSIQ55 who had always functioned at this level (n=12). ResultsHigh scores on psychopathology sub-scales were found for both subgroups. 22q11DS patients with intellectual decline showed higher rates of co-morbid psychopathology, particularly psychosis. Furthermore, psychosis and intellectual decline were positive correlated. ConclusionThis is the first report addressing adult patients with 22q11DS and moderate to severe ID. Overall we found high levels of psychopathology with higher scores of psychopathology in the intellectual decline group. Life time psychosis seems to be related to deterioration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-925
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume58
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014

Keywords

  • 22q11 deletion syndrome
  • intellectual decline
  • IQ
  • psychopathology
  • velocardiofacial syndrome
  • CARDIO-FACIAL-SYNDROME
  • O-METHYLTRANSFERASE COMT
  • MINI PAS-ADD
  • VELOCARDIOFACIAL SYNDROME
  • PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS
  • NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE
  • COGNITIVE DETERIORATION
  • SPECTRUM DISORDERS
  • SEX-DIFFERENCES
  • SYNDROME VCFS

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