Psychological expert witnesses in Germany and the Netherlands

C. Knörnschild, P.J. van Koppen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


Both the legal system of the Netherlands and that of Germany are inquisitorial systems, at least for criminal cases. One could naively suppose that the differences in legal procedure between the two countries would be negligible compared to differences with accusatorial systems. And, indeed if one spends a day in court in The Netherlands and in Germany the two legal systems seem to share many features. The court—in both countries usually a three judge panel in cases of serious crimes—holds a much stronger position during trial than either the prosecution or the defense. For instance, the judge is the first to question the defendant and the witnesses, only after which the defense and the prosecution are given the opportunity to pose questions. One will look for a jury in vain.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdversial versus inquisitorial justice
Subtitle of host publicationPsychological perspectives on criminal justice systems
EditorsP.J. van Koppen, S.D. Penrod
Place of PublicationNew York
Number of pages28
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003

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