Prothrombin activation by prothrombinase in a tubular flow reactor

Didier Billy, Han Speijer, George Willems, H. Coenraad Hemker, Theo Lindhout

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    Thrombin production by the phospholipid-bound complex of blood clotting factors Xa and Va (prothrombinase) was studied in a tubular flow reactor. The inner wall of a glass capillary was coated with a phospholipid bilayer of 25% phosphatidylserine and 75% phosphatidylcholine. Prothrombinase was assembled on this bilayer by perfusion with a mixture containing an excess of factor Va (2 nM) and a limiting amount of factor Xa (1-100 pM), either in the absence or presence of prothrombin. The rate of assembly of prothrombinase in the presence of prothrombin appeared to be limited by the transfer rate of factor Xa to the phospholipid surface. A good agreement was found between the predicted mass transfer coefficient for factor Xa and the observed pre-steady state rate of thrombin production. The eventually obtained steady state rates of thrombin production were proportional to the prothrombin concentration and independent of the surface density of prothrombinase. The observed rate of thrombin production conversion was observed for prothrombinase densities exceeding 1 fmol/cm(2), which corresponds to 0.05% occupation of available binding sites. The kinetic parameters of the reaction were determined at low prothrombinase densities (0.02-0.04 fmol/cm(2)). Even in this situation the Michaelis-Menten equation had to be corrected for substrate depletion near the catalytic surface. We hereto employed an accurate approximation of the mass transfer coefficient. The kinetic parameter k(cat) was 60 s(-1) and the intrinsic K-m had a surprisingly low value of 3 nM. Both parameters were not influenced by the wall shear rate.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1029-1034
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1995

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