Proteolytic Cleavage of Notch: "HIT and RUN"

G. van Tetering, M. Vooijs*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

49 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

The Notch pathway is a highly conserved signaling pathway in multicellular eukaryotes essential in controlling spatial patterning, morphogenesis and homeostasis in embryonic and adult tissues. Notch proteins coordinate cell-cell communication through receptor-ligand interactions between adjacent cells. Notch signaling is frequently deregulated by oncogenic mutation or overexpression in many cancer types. Notch activity is controlled by three sequential cleavage steps leading to ectodomain shedding and transcriptional activation. Here we review the key regulatory steps in the activation of Notch, from receptor maturation to receptor activation (HIT) via a rate-limiting proteolytic cascade (RUN) in the context of species-specific differences.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-269
JournalCurrent Molecular Medicine
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Notch cleavage
  • gamma-secretase
  • ADAM metalloprotease
  • furin
  • presenilin
  • cancer
  • GSI (gamma-secretase inhibitor)

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