Protein intake induced an increase in exercise stimulated fat oxidation during stable body weight.

S. Soenen*, G. Plasqui, A.J. Smeets, M.S. Westerterp-Plantenga

*Corresponding author for this work

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BACKGROUND: Protein-rich weight-loss diets spare fat-free mass at the cost of fat mass. The objective was to examine if there is a change in stimulated fat oxidation related to protein intake during stable body weight. METHODS: Subjects' (BMI 22+/-2kg/m(2), age 25+/-8 years) maximal fat oxidation (Fat(max)) was assessed during a graded bicycle test, before and after a 3-month dietary-intervention of 2MJ/day supplements exchanged with 2MJ/d of habitual energy intake. The parallel design consisted of protein-rich supplements in the protein group and an isocaloric combination of carbohydrate and fat supplements in the control group. Daily protein intake was determined according to 24-h urine nitrogen. Body composition was measured according to a 4-compartment model by a combination of underwater-weighing technique, deuterium-dilution technique and whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). RESULTS: Subjects were weight stable and did not change their physical activity. The protein group (n=12) increased protein intake (11+/-14g, P<0.05) and had significantly higher daily protein intake vs. control (n=4) (80+/-21 vs.59+/-11g, P<0.05). Fat(max) increased significantly in the protein group (0.08+/-0.08g/min, P<0.01). Fat-free mass increased independent of change in body weight (P<0.01), and fat mass and fat percentage decreased (P<0.05). Change in Fat(max) was a function of change in protein intake (r=0.623, P<0.05), and not of changes in body composition or VO(2)max. CONCLUSION: Increased stimulated fat oxidation was related to increased protein intake.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)770-774
JournalPhysiology & Behavior
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010

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