Promotion of molecular diffusion and/or crystallization in fused deposition modeled poly(lactide) welds

Varun Srinivas, Catharina S. J. van Hooy-Corstjens, Sanjay Rastogi, Jules A. W. Harings*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Fused deposition modeled parts of polymeric origin exhibit inferior interlayer mechanical properties. To enhance interfacial weld stiffness, poly(lactide) blends containing low molecular weight polymers of chemically identical but enantiomerically different nature are explored. The enantiomeric composition of the low molecular weight fraction is either random or opposite, promoting molecular diffusion or nucleation respectively. The structure-relationship of the interfaces is studied using torsional stiffness, calorimetry, and rheology. Fully miscible, non-crystallizable low molecular weight additives of random L and D enantiomeric composition reduce melt viscosity and crystallization rate, promoting molecular diffusion. Nevertheless, incomplete entangling and crystallization upon interfacial mixing induce poor interfacial stiffening. Poly(lactide) stereocomplex enriched interfaces promote crystallization. Chains across weld interfaces may be mechanically anchored in crystals, but hindered diffusion limits molecular mixing and thus the extent of mechanical stiffening. Ultimately, combining melt plasticization and increased crystallization rates distinctly increases weld stiffness and thermodynamic/geometrical stability of fused deposition modeled poly(lactides).

Original languageEnglish
Article number122637
Number of pages10
JournalPolymer
Volume202
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Fused deposition modeling (FDM)
  • PLA additives
  • Nucleation
  • Plasticization
  • Weld interface
  • FILAMENT-FABRICATION METHOD
  • STEREOCOMPLEX FORMATION
  • MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES
  • POLY(L-LACTIC ACID)
  • WEIGHT FRACTIONATION
  • POLY(D-LACTIC ACID)
  • POLYMER MELTS
  • PERFORMANCE
  • PLASTICIZATION
  • ARCHITECTURE

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