Progress report on the first sub-Saharan Africa trial of newer versus older antihypertensive drugs in native black patients

Augustine N. Odili, Birinus Ezeala-Adikaibe, Mouhamadou B. Ndiaye, Benedict C. Anisiuba, Marius M. Kamdem, Chinwuba K. Ijoma, Joseph Kaptue, Hilaire J. Boombhi, Philip M. Kolo, Elvis N. Shu, Lutgarde Thijs, Jan A. Staessen*, Babatunde A. Omotoso, Samuel Kingue, Serigne A. Ba, Daniel Lemogoum, Jean-Rene M'Buyamba-Kabangu, Ifeoma I. Ulasi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: The epidemic surge in hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa is not matched by clinical trials of antihypertensive agents in Black patients recruited in this area of the world. We mounted the Newer versus Older Antihypertensive agents in African Hypertensive patients (NOAAH) trial to compare, in native African patients, a single-pill combination of newer drugs, not involving a diuretic, with a combination of older drugs including a diuretic. Methods: Patients aged 30 to 69 years with uncomplicated hypertension (140 to 179/90 to 109 mmHg) and = 0.11) with respect to mean age (50.7 years), body mass index (28.2 kg/m(2)), blood pressure (153.9/91.5 mmHg) and the proportions of women (53.6%) and treatment naive patients (72.7%). After randomization, in the R and E groups combined, blood pressure dropped by 18.2/10.1 mmHg, 19.4/11.2 mmHg, 22.4/12.2 mmHg and 25.8/15.2 mmHg at weeks two (n = 122), four (n = 109), eight (n = 57), and 12 (n = 49), respectively. The control rate was >65% already at two weeks. At 12 weeks, 12 patients (24.5%) had progressed to the higher dose of R or E and/or had alpha-methyldopa added. Cohort analyses of 49 patients up to 12 weeks were confirmatory. Only two patients dropped out of the study. Conclusions: NOAAH (NCT01030458) demonstrated that blood pressure control can be achieved fast in Black patients born and living in Africa with a simple regimen consisting of a single-pill combination of two antihypertensive agents. NOAAH proves that randomized clinical trials of cardiovascular drugs in the indigenous populations of sub-Saharan Africa are feasible.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59
JournalTrials
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2012

Keywords

  • Antihypertensive therapy
  • Health policy and outcome research
  • Randomized clinical trial
  • Special populations

Cite this