Process-structure relationship of carbon/polyphenylene sulfide commingled hybrid yarns used for thermoplastic composites

Jens Schaefer, Oleg Stolyarov*, Rana Ali, Christoph Greb, Gunnar Seide, Thomas Gries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Commingling is a prospective manufacturing process for the production of hybrid yarn in which a reinforcement material and a thermoplastic matrix in the form of filaments are mixed to form continuous filament yarn. In this work, hybrid two-component carbon/ polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) yarns designed for high-performance thermoplastic composites were developed. Experiments were carried out to investigate the manufacturing process of commingled yarn and quantify the homogeneity of distribution of carbon and PPS fibers in cross section of commingled hybrid yarns. The effect of process parameters in commingling including degree of overfeeding, production speed, and air pressure on the filament distribution in the cross section of commingled hybrid yarns was investigated. The results show that process parameters play a large part in improving blend uniformity and filament distribution in hybrid commingled yarns. A correlation between the observed homogeneity and the process parameters was established.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1661-1673
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Industrial Textiles
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - May 2016


  • Technical yarns
  • carbon fibers
  • processing
  • fabrication
  • structure properties
  • materials
  • commingled yarn
  • fiber distribution

Cite this