Process Evaluation of a Multicomponent Intervention Program (EXBELT) to Reduce Belt Restraints in Nursing Homes

Michel H. C. Bleijlevens*, Math J. M. Gulpers, Elizabeth Capezuti, Erik van Rossum, Jan P. H. Hamers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objective: The current study describes the process evaluation of a multicomponent intervention program (Expelling Belts [EXBELT]) to reduce the use of belt restraints in psychogeriatric nursing homes. The aim was to assess the feasibility and ascertain suggestions for optimization of the EXBELT program. Design: A descriptive study comprising longitudinal elements. Setting: Fifteen psychogeriatric nursing home wards in 6 Dutch nursing homes. Participants: The study population consisted of 4 different groups of participants who took part in the intervention arm of the quasi-experimental study examining the effectiveness of EXBELT: nursing home staff who attended the final session of the educational program; 2 nurse specialists who delivered the educational program and did the consultations; 4 groups of delegates representing the nursing home associations where the EXBELT program was implemented; and the relatives of those residents in the intervention group who were restrained with a belt at the start of the study. Measurements: Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from the study population. Data were assessed by means of self-administered questionnaires, recording forms, group interviews, telephone interviews, and monthly meetings. Results: The EXBELT study was largely performed according to protocol and very well received by nursing home staff as well as resident's relatives. Suggestions to improve the EXBELT program include the addition of examples of how to communicate about the policy change, improving the reach of the intended target population, adding more case-based learning strategies, and embedding the available consultants more proactively. Conclusions: The implementation of EXBELT was highly successful in the current research population and is likely to be feasible in psychogeriatric nursing homes in general.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-604
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013


  • Physical restraints
  • process evaluation
  • intervention
  • nursing homes
  • belt restraints

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