Based on administrative data of unemployed in Belgium, we estimate the labour market effects of three training programmes at various aggregation levels using Modified Causal Forests, a causal machine learning estimator. While all programmes have positive effects after the lock-in period, we find substantial heterogeneity across programmes and unemployed. Simulations show that “black-box” rules that reassign unemployed to programmes that maximise estimated individual gains can considerably improve effectiveness: up to 20% more (less) time spent in (un)employment within a 30 months window. A shallow policy tree delivers a simple rule that realizes about 70% of this gain.
|Series||GSBE Research Memoranda|
- j68 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies: Public Policy
- policy evaluation
- active labour market policy,
- causal machine learning
- modified causal forest
- conditional average treatment effects