Prevention of the influence of Fibrin and α2-Macroglobulin in the continuous measurement of the thrombin potential: Implications for an endpoint determination of the optical density

Dirk T.S. Rijkers, Simone J.H. Wielders, Suzette Beguin, H. Coenraad Hemker*

*Corresponding author for this work

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    We proposed the endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) as an overall function test of the coagulation system. We recently introduced a routine test which requires defibrinated plasma. In order to develop an assay in which the ETP-value can be directly obtained by measuring the optical density, we investigated two methods to inhibit fibrinogen clottability and to inactivate alpha(2)-macroglobulin. The first method makes use of hydroxylamine to inactivate alpha(2)-macroglobulin and H-Gly-Pro-Arg-Pro-OH to inhibit fibrin polymerization. At pH 7.35, plasma incubated with 25 mM hydroxylamine and 1.5 mg/mL H-Gly-Pro-Arg-Pro-OH for 5 minutes at 37 degrees C resulted in a reduced endlevel of the amidolytic activity on small chromogenic substrates, The second method uses a metalloprotease purified from Crotalus basiliscus to remove alpha(2)-macroglobulin from plasma in combination with H-Gly-Pro-Arg-Pro-OH. Herein plasma is incubared with 3.5 mu M protease during 15 minutes at 37 degrees C in the presence of 1 mg/mL polymerization inhibitor. The enzymatic method results in a zero endlevel of the amidolytic activity and this would imply that measurement of the ETP is reduced to an endpoint determination of the optical density. We show that the endpoint determination of the optical density correlates well with the calculated ETP in plasmas with different degrees of anticoagulation. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)161-169
    Number of pages9
    JournalThrombosis Research
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1998

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