Prevention of age-related changes in hippocampal levels of 5-methylcytidine by caloric restriction

Leonidas Chouliaras, Daniel L. A. van den Hove, Gunter Kenis, Stella Keitel, Patrick R. Hof, Jim van Os, Harry W. M. Steinbusch, Christoph Schmitz, Bart P. F. Rutten*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

45 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Aberrant DNA methylation patterns have been linked to molecular and cellular alterations in the aging brain. Caloric restriction (CR) and upregulation of antioxidants have been proposed as interventions to prevent or delay age-related brain pathology. Previously, we have shown in large cohorts of aging mice, that age-related increases in DNA methyltransferase 3a (Dnmt3a) immunoreactivity in the mouse hippocampus were attenuated by CR, but not by overexpression of superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1). Here, we investigated age-related alterations of 5-methylcytidine (5-mC), a marker of DNA methylation levels, in a hippocampal subregion-specific manner. Examination of 5-mC immunoreactivity in 12-and 24-month-old wild type (WT) mice on control diet, mice overexpressing SOD1 on control diet, wild type mice on CR, and SOD1 mice on CR, indicated an age-related increase in 5-mC immunoreactivity in the hippocampal dentate gyrus, CA3, and CA1-2 regions, which was prevented by CR but not by SOD1 overexpression. Moreover, positive correlations between 5-mC and Dnmt3a immunoreactivity were observed in the CA3 and CA1-2. These findings suggest a crucial role for DNA methylation in hippocampal aging and in the mediation of the beneficial effects of CR on aging.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1672-1681
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Volume33
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Epigenesis
  • Epigenetics
  • DNA methylation
  • 5-methylcytidine (5-mC)
  • Caloric restriction
  • Antioxidants
  • Superoxide dismutase (SOD)
  • Hippocampus

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