Prevention and Treatment of Mental Health and Psychosocial Problems in College Students: An Umbrella Review of Meta-Analyses

P. Cuijpers*, C. Miguel, M. Ciharova, P. Aalten, N. Batelaan, E. Salemink, P. Spinhoven, S. Struijs, L. de Wit, C. Gentili, D. Ebert, M. Harrer, R. Bruffaerts, R.C. Kessler, E. Karyotaki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

We conducted an umbrella review of 31 meta-analyses with 608 primary studies, examining the effects of psychological interventions for prevention and treatment of mental and psychological problems in college students. The proportion of unique primary studies included in the meta-analyses ranged from 6 to 100%. For problems like depression, anxiety, and stress, effective universal, indicated, and treatment interventions are available. For alcohol problems effects are small and it is not clear if these are clinically relevant. Effective interventions have been developed for smoking cessation, test-anxiety, internet addiction, procrastination, and bystander sexual assault prevention programs. The quality of most metaanalyses and almost all primary studies was suboptimal. Therefore, all findings have to be considered with caution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-244
Number of pages16
JournalClinical Psychology-Science and Practice
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • prevention
  • treatment
  • mental health problems
  • college students
  • umbrella review
  • ENVIRONMENTAL RISK-FACTORS
  • SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS
  • ALCOHOL INTERVENTIONS
  • UNIVERSITY-STUDENTS
  • EFFICACY
  • DRINKING
  • PROGRAMS
  • STRESS

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