Prevalence of Amyloid PET Positivity in Dementia Syndromes A Meta-analysis

Rik Ossenkoppele*, Willemijn J. Jansen, Gil D. Rabinovici, Dirk L. Knol, Wiesje M. van der Flier, Bart N. M. van Berckel, Philip Scheltens, Pieter Jelle Visser

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


IMPORTANCE Amyloid-beta positron emission tomography (PET) imaging allows in vivo detection of fibrillar plaques, a core neuropathological feature of Alzheimer disease (AD). Its diagnostic utility is still unclear because amyloid plaques also occur in patients with non-AD dementia. OBJECTIVE To use individual participant data meta-analysis to estimate the prevalence of amyloid positivity on PET in a wide variety of dementia syndromes. DATA SOURCES The MEDLINE and Web of Science databases were searched from January 2004 to April 2015 for amyloid PET studies. STUDY SELECTION Case reports and studies on neurological or psychiatric diseases other than dementia were excluded. Corresponding authors of eligible cohorts were invited to provide individual participant data. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS Data were provided for 1359 participants with clinically diagnosed AD and 538 participants with non-AD dementia. The reference groups were 1849 healthy control participants (based on amyloid PET) and an independent sample of 1369 AD participants (based on autopsy). MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Estimated prevalence of positive amyloid PET scans according to diagnosis, age, and apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon 4 status, using the generalized estimating equations method. RESULTS The likelihood of amyloid positivity was associated with age and APOE epsilon 4 status. InAD dementia, the prevalence of amyloid positivity decreased from age 50 to 90 years in APOE epsilon 4 noncarriers(86%[95% CI, 73%-94%] at 50 years to68%[95% CI, 57%-77%] at 90 years; n = 377) and to a lesser degree in APOE epsilon 4 carriers (97%[95% CI, 92%-99%] at 50 years to 90%[95% CI, 83%-94%] at 90 years; n = 593; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1939-1949
JournalJAMA-Journal of the American Medical Association
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2015


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