Prevalence, incidence and bothersomeness of urinary incontinence between 6 weeks and 1 year post-partum: a systematic review and meta-analysis

H.F.A. Moossdorff-Steinhauser*, B.C.M. Berghmans, M.E.A. Spaanderman, E.M.J. Bols

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common complaint for post-partum women. Reported prevalence and incidence figures show a large range due to varying study methodology. The crude prevalence of post-partum UI may differ when accounting for bother. Precise prevalence and incidence figures on (bothersome) UI are of relevance for health care providers, research planning, and policy makers. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the prevalence and incidence of UI in post-partum women in the Western world for relevant subgroups and assessed experienced bother in relation to UI. Methods Observational studies, published between January 1998 and March 2020 and reporting on prevalence and incidence between 6 weeks and 1 year post-partum, were included, regardless of type of UI or setting. We used a random effects model with subgroup analyses for post-partum period, parity and subtype of UI. Results The mean (weighted) prevalence based on 24 included studies, containing a total of 35.064 women, was 31.0%. After an initial drop in prevalence at 3 months post-partum, prevalence rises up to nearly the same level as in the third trimester of pregnancy at 1 year post-partum (32%). Stress UI (54%) is the most prevalent type. UI prevalence is equal among primi- and multiparous women. Experienced bother of UI is heterogeneously assessed and reported to be mild to moderate. Conclusions Post-partum UI is highly prevalent in women in the Western world. After an initial drop it rises again at 1 year post-partum. Experienced bother is mild to moderate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1675-1693
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Volume32
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Bother
  • Incidence
  • Post-partum
  • Prevalence
  • Systematic review
  • Urinary incontinence
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • PELVIC FLOOR DYSFUNCTION
  • VISUAL ANALOG SCALE
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • STRESS-INCONTINENCE
  • FECAL INCONTINENCE
  • PRIMIPAROUS WOMEN
  • PREGNANCY
  • DELIVERY
  • CHILDBIRTH

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