Prevalence and predictors of postoperative pain in (ENT) patients

M. Sommer, J.W. Geurts, B. Stessel, A.G.H. Kessels, M.L. Peters, J. Patijn, M. van Kleef, B. Kremer, M.A.E. Marcus

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Abstract

Objective: To determine postoperative pain in different types of ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgery and their psychological preoperative predictors. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Academic hospital. Patients: A total of 217 patients undergoing ENT surgery. Interventions: All ENT, neck, and salivary gland surgery. Main Outcome Measures: Postoperative pain and predictors for postoperative pain. Results: Fifty percent of the patients undergoing surgery on the oral, pharyngeal, and laryngeal region and on the neck and salivary gland region had a visual analog scale score higher than 40 mm on day 1. In the patients who underwent oropharyngeal region operations the VAS score remained high on all 4 days. A VAS pain score higher than 40 mm was found in less than 30% of patients after endoscopic procedures and less than 20% after ear and nose surgery. After bivariate analysis, 6 variables-age, sex, preoperative pain, expected pain, short-term fear, and pain catastrophizing-had a predictive value. Multivariate analysis showed only preoperative pain, pain catastrophizing, and anatomical site of operation as independent predictors. Conclusions: Differences exist in the prevalence of unacceptable postoperative pain between ENT operations performed on different anatomical sites. A limited set of variables can be used to predict the occurrence of unacceptable postoperative pain after ENT surgery.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-130
JournalArchives of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery
Volume135
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

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