Prevalence and mutation spectrum of skeletal muscle channelopathies in the Netherlands

B. C. Stunnenberg*, J. Raaphorst, J. C. W. Deenen, T. P. Links, A. A. Wilde, D. J. Verbove, E. J. Kamsteeg, A. van den Wijngaard, C. G. Faber, G. J. van der Wilt, B. G. M. van Engelen, G. Drost, H. B. Ginjaar

*Corresponding author for this work

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Few reliable data exist on the prevalence of skeletal muscle channelopathies. We determined the minimum point prevalence of genetically defined skeletal muscle channelopathies in the Netherlands and report their mutation spectrum. Minimum point prevalence rates were calculated as number of genetically-confirmed skeletal muscle channelopathy patients (CLCNJ, SCN4A, CACNAIS and KCNJ2 gene mutations) in the Netherlands (1990-2015) divided by the total number of at-risk individuals. Rates were expressed as cases/100.000 and 95% confidence intervals were calculated based on Poisson distribution. Results of standardized genetic diagnostic procedures were used to analyze mutation spectra. We identified 405 patients from 234 unrelated pedigrees, resulting in a minimum point prevalence of 2.38/100.000 (95% CI 2.16-2.63) for skeletal muscle channelopathies in the Netherlands. Minimum point prevalence rates for the disease groups, non-dystrophic myotonia and periodic paralysis, were 1.70/100.000 and 0.69/100.000 respectively. Sixty-one different CLCN1 mutations (including 12 novel mutations) were detected in myotonia congenita. Twenty-eight different SCN4A missense mutations (including three novel mutations) were identified in paramyotonia congenita/sodium channel myotonia, hypokalemic periodic paralysis and hyperkalemic periodic paralysis. Four different CACNAIS missense mutations were detected in hypokalemic periodic paralysis and five KCNJ2 missense mutations in Andersen Tawil syndrome. The minimum point prevalence rates for genetically-defined skeletal muscle channelopathies confirm their rare disease status in the Netherlands. Rates are almost twice as high as in the UK and more in line with pre-genetic prevalence estimates in parts of Scandinavia. Future diagnostic and therapeutic studies may benefit from knowledge of the mutation spectrum of skeletal muscle channelopathies. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-407
Number of pages6
JournalNeuromuscular Disorders
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018


  • Skeletal muscle channelopathies
  • Non-dystrophic myotonia
  • Periodic paralysis
  • Prevalence
  • Netherlands


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