This paper describes the diagnostic criteria for presbyvestibulopathy (PVP) by the Classification Committee of the Barany Society. PVP is defined as a chronic vestibular syndrome characterized by unsteadiness, gait disturbance, and/or recurrent falls in the presence of mild bilateral vestibular deficits, with findings on laboratory tests that are between normal values and thresholds established for bilateral vestibulopathy.
The diagnosis of PVP is based on the patient history, bedside examination and laboratory evaluation. The diagnosis of PVP requires bilaterally reduced function of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). This can be diagnosed for the high frequency range of the VOR with the video-HIT (vHIT); for the middle frequency range with rotary chair testing; and for the low frequency range with caloric testing.
For the diagnosis of PVP, the horizontal angular VOR gain on both sides should be 0.6, and/or the sum of the maximal peak velocities of the slow phase caloric-induced nystagmus for stimulation with warm and cold water on each side should be 6 degrees/s, and/or the horizontal angular VOR gain should be >0.1 and
PVP typically occurs along with other age-related deficits of vision, proprioception, and/or cortical, cerebellar and extrapyramidal function which also contribute and might even be required for the manifestation of the symptoms of unsteadiness, gait disturbance, and falls. These criteria simply consider the presence of these symptoms, along with documented impairment of vestibular function, in older adults.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Vestibular Research-Equilibrium & Orientation
|Published - 2019
- PAROXYSMAL POSITIONAL VERTIGO
- VESTIBULAR FUNCTION
- NORMATIVE DATA
- VESTIBULOOCULAR REFLEX
- VISUOSPATIAL ABILITY
- OTOLITH FUNCTION