Preparing Residents Effectively in Emergency Skills Training With a Serious Game

Mary E. W. Dankbaar*, Maartje Bakhuys Roozeboom, Esther A. P. B. Oprins, Frans Rutten, Jeroen J. G. van Merrienboer, Jan L. C. M. van Saase, Stephanie C. E. Schuit

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Web of Science)


Introduction: Training emergency care skills is critical for patient safety but cost intensive. Serious games have been proposed as an engaging self-directed learning tool for complex skills. The objective of this study was to compare the cognitive skills and motivation of medical residents who only used a course manual as preparation for classroom training on emergency care with residents who used an additional serious game.

Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with residents preparing for a rotation in the emergency department. The "reading" group received a course manual before classroom training; the "reading and game" group received this manual plus the game as preparation for the same training. Emergency skills were assessed before training (with residents who agreed to participate in an extra pretraining assessment), using validated competency scales and a global performance scale. We also measured motivation.

Results: All groups had comparable important characteristics (eg, experience with acute care). Before training, the reading and game group felt motivated to play the game and spent more self-study time (+2.5 hours) than the reading group. Game-playing residents showed higher scores on objectively measured and self-assessed clinical competencies but equal scores on the global performance scale and were equally motivated for training, compared with the reading group. After the 2-week training, no differences between groups existed.

Conclusions: After preparing training with an additional serious game, residents showed improved clinical competencies, compared with residents who only studied course material. After a 2-week training, this advantage disappeared. Future research should study the retention of game effects in blended designs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-16
Number of pages8
JournalSimulation in Healthcare: journal of the society for simulation in healthcare
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017


  • serious game
  • game-based simulation
  • emergency care training
  • clinical skills training
  • motivation

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