Preoperative optimization of diagnostic work-up and physical fitness predicts and improves outcome of patients with colorectal cancer

Annefleur Elisabeth Maria Berkel

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisExternal prepared

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Abstract

In colorectal cancer, surgical resection of the tumor remains the foundation of curative treatment. This involves a major treatment, which can have a considerable impact on a patient. Approximately one-third of the patients who undergo colorectal resection experience postoperative complications. In elderly, frail, and unfit patients, this percentage is even higher, with percentages well above 50%. The aim of this thesis was to improve the preoperatively identification of patients at risk for postoperative complications (high-risk patients), by looking at the role and risks of a patient’s physical fitness. In addition, it was investigated whether the postoperative outcomes in these high-risk patients could be improved with a physical exercise training program (prehabilitation) prior to surgery. Within a relatively short 3-week period of prehabilitation, physical fitness improved by approximately 10% and the incidence of postoperative complications decreased by more than 40% compared to usual care without prehabilitation.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • van Meeteren, Nico, Supervisor
  • Klaase, J. M., Supervisor, External person
  • Bongers, Bart, Co-Supervisor
Award date20 Jan 2022
Place of PublicationMaastricht
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789464235784
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • surgery
  • risk assessment
  • prehabilitation

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