Background: We compared high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with computed tomography (CT) in the assessment of tumor infiltration in surrounding structures for locally advanced primary and recurrent rectal cancer. Methods: Twenty-six patients with operable, locally advanced rectal cancer (15 recurrent and 11 primary) were evaluated with conventional pelvic CT and 1.5-T high-resolution MRI with a quadrature phased-array coil. The images were scored for invasion of nine neighboring pelvic structures, and the results were compared with surgical and histologic findings. Results: A total of 234 structures in 26 patients was evaluated for tumor invasion. For MRI the, sensitivity was 97% and the specificity 98%; for CT, the sensitivity was 70% and the specificity was 85%. The difference in performance was statistically significant (p tumors.
Beets-Tan, R. G. H., Beets, G. L., Borstlap, A. C. W., Oei, T. K., Teune, T. M., von Meyenfeldt, M. F., & van Engelshoven, J. M. A. (2000). Preoperative assessment of local tumor extent in advanced rectal cancer: CT or high-resolution MRI? Abdominal Imaging, 25, 533-41. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002610000086