Premature aging in chronic kidney disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: similarities and differences

J.P. Kooman, P.G. Shiels, P. Stenvinkel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is increasing clinical and pathophysiological evidence that a premature aging process is involved in the pathogenesis of systemic complications of many chronic organ diseases, which result in analogous phenotypes, including premature vascular aging, osteoporosis and muscle wasting. Novel developments from research into the aging process will, therefore, have relevance for understanding complications of organ diseases, such as chronic kidney disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The aim of the present article is to combine recent literature on aging mechanisms with evidence on the pathogenesis of systemic complications of these two chronic debilitating disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently, nine hallmarks of aging have been identified. In this review, we argue that all of these hallmarks are relevant for the pathogenesis of premature aging processes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic kidney disease. Additionally, organ-specific alterations in proaging mechanisms, which reveal differences in phenotype against a generic background of premature aging, will be addressed. However, within patient populations who share a common diagnosis, clusters of patients with different phenotypes may be identified, which may show overlap with patients with other chronic diseases. SUMMARY: An increased understanding of the premature aging process as well as its systemic consequences may pave the way for 'precision' intervention as well as shared treatment opportunities between chronic debilitating diseases of various causes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)528-534
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

Keywords

  • chronic kidney disease
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • hallmarks
  • premature aging
  • senescence
  • SKELETAL-MUSCLE DYSFUNCTION
  • ENDOTHELIAL DYSFUNCTION
  • SYSTEMIC INFLAMMATION
  • COPD
  • MECHANISMS
  • CELLS
  • SENESCENCE
  • AUTOPHAGY
  • PROTEIN
  • MASS

Cite this