Preferences Regarding Self-Management Intervention Outcomes of Dutch Chronically Ill Patients With Limited Health Literacy

Marieke van der Gaag*, Monique Heijmans, Marta Ballester, Carola Orrego, Ena Niño de Guzmán, Lyudmil Ninov, Jany Rademakers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: For many chronically ill patients self-management of their disease is difficult. This may be especially true for people with limited health literacy as they are faced with additional challenges in the day-to-day management of their disease. Research has shown that self-management support is most effective when tailored to the needs and preferences of patients. Therefore, this study explores the preferences regarding self-management outcomes of chronically ill patients with limited health literacy.

Methods: A total of 35 patients with limited health literacy were invited to a concept-mapping procedure consisting of two card sorting tasks. Patients ranked 60 outcomes, which are often found in literature in relation to self-management, to the level that was important for themselves. Means were calculated for each outcome and domain, and differences within the group were analyzed.

Results: For patients with limited health literacy, satisfaction with care is the most important outcome domain. This domain includes overall satisfaction, the communication with health care providers, the provision of information and trust. At an outcome level, outcomes related to symptom management and improving competences to self-management scored very high. No differences between patient groups for age and sex were found.

Conclusion: Chronically ill patients with limited health literacy prefer a wide variety of outcomes for their self-management. Next to health related outcomes, patients mostly prefer to work on their competences for self-management. For health care professionals, acting on these patient preferences and building a solid relationship will enhance successful self-management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number842462
Number of pages9
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2022


  • Chronic Disease
  • Ethnicity
  • Health Literacy
  • Health Personnel
  • Humans
  • Self-Management
  • chronic disease
  • concept mapping
  • health literacy
  • patient preference
  • self-management


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