Predictive Value of the Additive and Logistic EuroSCOREs in Patients Undergoing Aortic Valve Replacement

Bart M. J. A. Koene, Albert H. M. van Straten, Mohamed A. Soliman Hamad*, Eric Berreklouw, F. Joost ter Woorst, M. Erwin S. H. Tan, Andre J. van Zundert

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the additive and logistic EuroSCOREs in predicting the operative mortality in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) with or without coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data.This was a single-center study performed in an educational hospital.All patients (n = 1,885) who underwent AVR with (n = 813) or without (n = 1,072) CABG surgery between 1998 and 2007.AVR with or without CABG surgery.Variable life-adjusted display curves were constructed to compare the observed operative mortality with the additive and logistic EuroSCOREs. The receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve was used to determine the discriminatory power of the additive and logistic EuroSCOREs. Calibration between the predicted and the observed operative mortality was checked by comparing the predicted probability of the mortality with the additive and logistic EuroSCORE. In the isolated AVR group, the additive EuroSCORE was 5.8% predicted mortality and the logistic EuroSCORE was 7.2%, whereas the observed operative mortality was 3.2%. In the AVR with CABG surgery group, the additive EuroSCORE was 7.2% and the logistic EuroSCORE was 8.8%, whereas the observed operative mortality was 5.3%. ROC curve analyses showed a high discriminatory power for both EuroSCOREs in both patient groups.Although the additive and the logistic EuroSCOREs had good discriminatory power, they were not able to predict the actual operative mortality accurately. Both EuroSCOREs overestimated the operative mortality, especially in low-risk patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1071-1075
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • aortic valve
  • replacement
  • EuroSCORE
  • mortality
  • risk indices
  • risk scores

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