Prediction of time-integrated activity coefficients in PRRT using simulated dynamic PET and a pharmacokinetic model

Deni Hardiansyah, Ali Asgar Attarwala, Peter Kletting, Felix M. Mottaghy, Gerhard Glatting*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Web of Science)


Purpose: To investigate the accuracy of predicted time-integrated activity coefficients (TIACs) in peptide-receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) using simulated dynamic PET data and a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model.

Methods: PBPK parameters were estimated using biokinetic data of 15 patients after injection of (152 +/- 15) MBq of In-111-DTPAOC (total peptide amount (5.78 +/- 0.25) nmol). True mathematical phantoms of patients (MPPs) were the PBPK model with the estimated parameters. Dynamic PET measurements were simulated as being done after bolus injection of 150 MBq Ga-68-DOTATATE using the true MPPs. Dynamic PET scans around 35 min p.i.(P-1), 4 h p.i.(P-2) and the combination of P-1 and P-2 (P-3 ) were simulated. Each measurement was simulated with four frames of 5 min each and 2 bed positions. PBPK parameters were fitted to the PET data to derive the PET-predicted MPPs. Therapy was simulated assuming an infusion of 5.1 GBq of Y-90-DOTATATE over 30 min in both true and PET-predicted MPPs. TIACs of simulated therapy were calculated, true MPPs (true TIACs) and predicted MPPs (predicted TIACs) followed by the calculation of variabilities v.

Results: For P1 and P2 the population variabilities of kidneys, liver and spleen were acceptable (v <10%). For the tumours and the remainders, the values were large (up to 25%). For P3, population variabilities for all organs including the remainder further improved, except that of the tumour (v > 10%).

Conclusion: Treatment planning of PRRT based on dynamic PET data seems possible for the kidneys, liver and spleen using a PBPK model and patient specific information. (C) 2017 Associazione Italiana di Fisica Medica. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-304
Number of pages7
JournalPhysica Medica: European journal of medical physics
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017


  • PBPK model
  • PRRT treatment planning
  • Dynamic PET
  • PET noise model

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