There is evidence from clinical trials that a low capacity to oxidize dietary fats may predispose human individuals to weight gain, obesity, and weight regain following weight loss. These observations have led to a need to identify plasma markers of fat oxidation capacity in order to avoid time consuming direct measurements by indirect calorimetry. The aim of this study was to investigate whether prediction of fat oxidation capacity in an obese population is possible, using H-1-NMR and LC-MS-based metabolic profiling of blood plasma samples collected before and after a high fat test meal from 100 obese women, who represented the extremes of fat oxidizing capacity. Subject characteristics (baseline anthropometrics, body composition and dietary records) and clinical data (blood values and derived measures for insulin resistance) were recorded into a phenotypic dataset. Filtering by orthogonal signal correction, variable reduction by spectra segmentation, Mann-Whitney U tests and genetic algorithms were applied to spectral data together with partial least squares regression models for prediction. Our findings suggested that only a small fraction of subject variation contained in metabolic profiles is related to fat oxidation capacity and variable reduction methods improved fat oxidation capacity predictability. The LC-MS dataset led to higher specificity (fasting: 86%; postprandial: 73%) and sensitivity (fasting: 75%; postprandial: 75%) than classification using the H-1-NMR dataset (specificity: fasting: 50%; postprandial: 60%; sensitivity: fasting: 67%; postprandial: 62%). Inclusion of phenotypic variables increased specificity and sensitivity values in both fasting and postprandial time points. However, the moderate specificity and sensitivity values indicated that fat oxidation capacity may only be reflected in subtle differences in the metabolic profiles analyzed. In future studies, metabolomics data may be supplemented with gene variation and gene expression data to caption the properties of fat oxidation capacity more precisely.
Pers, T. H., Martin, F. P., Verdich, C., Holst, C., Johansen, J. V., Astrup, A., Polak, J., Martinez, J. A., Rezzi, S., Blaak, E. E.
, Saris, W. H. M., Kochhar, S., Macdonald, I. A., Sorensen, T. I., & Ramadan, Z. (2008). Prediction of fat oxidation capacity using 1H-NMR and LC-MS lipid metabolomic data combined with phenotypic data. Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems
, 34-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemolab.2008.03.008