Preclinical students' experiences in early clerkships after skills training partly offered in primary health care centers: a qualitative study from Indonesia

Doni Widyandana*, Gerard Majoor, Albert Scherpbier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: Students may encounter difficulties when they have to apply clinical skills trained in their pre-clinical studies in clerkships. Early clinical exposure in the pre-clinical phase has been recommended to reduce these transition problems. The aim of this study is to explore differences in students' experiences during the first clerkships between students exclusively trained in a skills laboratory and peers for whom part of their skills training was substituted by early clinical experiences (ECE). Methods: Thirty pre-clinical students trained clinical skills exclusively in a skills laboratory; 30 peers received part of their skills training in PHC centers. Within half a year after commencing their clerkships all 60 students shared their experiences in focus group discussions (FGDs). Verbatim transcripts of FGDs were analyzed using Atlas-Ti software. Results: Clerkship students who had participated in ECE in PHC centers felt better prepared to perform their clinical skills during the first clerkships than peers who had only practiced in a skills laboratory. ECE in PHC centers impacted positively in particular on students' confidence, clinical reasoning, and interpersonal communication. Conclusion: In the Indonesian setting ECE in PHC centers reduce difficulties commonly encountered by medical students in the first clerkships.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35
JournalBMC Medical Education
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2012

Keywords

  • Clinical skills training
  • Early clinical experiences
  • Clerkships

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