Pre- and Intra-Procedural Predictors of Reverse Remodeling After Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy: An MRI Study

Hubert Cochet*, Arnaud Denis, Sylvain Ploux, Joost Lumens, Sana Amraoui, Nicolas Derval, Frederic Sacher, Patricia Reant, Stephane Lafitte, Pierre Jais, Francois Laurent, Philippe Ritter, Michel Montaudon, Pierre Bordachar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

MRI Predictors of Reverse Remodeling After CRT Introduction Response rate after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) remains suboptimal. We sought to identify pre- and intraprocedural predictors of response using MRI. Methods and Results Sixty patients underwent MRI before CRT. Left ventricular (LV) volumes and ejection fraction were assessed on cine images. Intra-LV dyssynchrony was defined as the maximal delay between first peaks of radial wall motion over 20 segments. Myocardial scar extent was quantified using delayed-enhanced MRI. After CRT, the paced LV segment was characterized on preprocedural MRI with respect to presence of scar and mechanical delay, the latter being quantified using time to first peak of wall motion, expressed in percentage of the total LV activation. Echocardiography was performed before and 6 months after CRT to quantify reverse remodeling (RR). Mean RR at 6 months was 30 +/- 29% of baseline LV end-systolic volume. At univariate analysis, RR related to baseline LV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes (R2 = 0.101, P = 0.01; R2 = 0.072, P = 0.04), intra-LV mechanical dyssynchrony (R2 = 0.351, P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)682-691
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • heart failure
  • implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • mechanical dyssynchrony
  • reverse remodeling

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