Posttraumatic stress disorder and diminished criminal responsibility as "new evidence" in criminal revision procedures

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may affect victims of crime, but may also be reported by offenders. In the postappeal phase, offenders may claim to suffer from chronic PTSD and argue that this indicates diminished criminal responsibility at the time the index crime was committed. As members of a Dutch criminal cases review commission, we recently encountered two cases in which PTSD was presented as new evidence that would justify a reopening of the case. In this article, we argue that such claims are problematic in that clinical decision making resulting in a PTSD diagnosis adheres to quite different standards than those dictating forensic fact-finding. The two cases illustrate the difference between criminal and clinical fact-finding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1911-1913
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
Volume63
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

Keywords

  • forensic science
  • posttraumatic stress disorder
  • psychiatry
  • psychology
  • expert-witnesses
  • behavioral science
  • PTSD
  • RELIABILITY
  • CONFLICT
  • Police/psychology
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events
  • Male
  • Forensic Psychiatry/legislation & jurisprudence
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/psychology
  • Adult Survivors of Child Abuse/legislation & jurisprudence
  • Netherlands
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Child
  • Homicide/legislation & jurisprudence

Cite this

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title = "Posttraumatic stress disorder and diminished criminal responsibility as {"}new evidence{"} in criminal revision procedures",
abstract = "Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may affect victims of crime, but may also be reported by offenders. In the postappeal phase, offenders may claim to suffer from chronic PTSD and argue that this indicates diminished criminal responsibility at the time the index crime was committed. As members of a Dutch criminal cases review commission, we recently encountered two cases in which PTSD was presented as new evidence that would justify a reopening of the case. In this article, we argue that such claims are problematic in that clinical decision making resulting in a PTSD diagnosis adheres to quite different standards than those dictating forensic fact-finding. The two cases illustrate the difference between criminal and clinical fact-finding.",
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author = "Eric Rassin and Irena Boskovic and Harald Merckelbach",
note = "{\circledC} 2018 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1111/1556-4029.13789",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
pages = "1911--1913",
journal = "Journal of Forensic Sciences",
issn = "0022-1198",
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Posttraumatic stress disorder and diminished criminal responsibility as "new evidence" in criminal revision procedures. / Rassin, Eric; Boskovic, Irena; Merckelbach, Harald.

In: Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol. 63, No. 6, 11.2018, p. 1911-1913.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Posttraumatic stress disorder and diminished criminal responsibility as "new evidence" in criminal revision procedures

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AU - Merckelbach, Harald

N1 - © 2018 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

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AB - Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may affect victims of crime, but may also be reported by offenders. In the postappeal phase, offenders may claim to suffer from chronic PTSD and argue that this indicates diminished criminal responsibility at the time the index crime was committed. As members of a Dutch criminal cases review commission, we recently encountered two cases in which PTSD was presented as new evidence that would justify a reopening of the case. In this article, we argue that such claims are problematic in that clinical decision making resulting in a PTSD diagnosis adheres to quite different standards than those dictating forensic fact-finding. The two cases illustrate the difference between criminal and clinical fact-finding.

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KW - Adult

KW - Female

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