Postoperative brachytherapy for endometrial cancer using a ring applicator

Ben G. L. Vanneste*, Philip Meijnen, Chris S. J. Hammerstein, Nina Bijker, Rob M. van Os, Lukas J. A. Stalpers, Bradley R. Pieters

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BACKGROUND: To evaluate the rate of vaginal, pelvic, and distant failures and acute toxicity after postoperative vaginal vault brachytherapy (VBT) delivered by a ring applicator in women with high intermediate-risk endometrial cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 100 patients were treated with VBT after a total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for a Stage IA or IB (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2009) intermediate-risk endometrial cancer; 26 patients received 30-Gy low-dose-rate, 74 patients received 28-Gy pulsed-dose-rate brachytherapy. RESULTS: At a median followup of 37 months (range, 1-107), 6 (6%) patients showed failures. Three patients developed an in-field recurrence in the vaginal vault: 1 was isolate, whereas the other 2 showed simultaneous pelvic and/or distant failure. A fourth patient developed an out-of-field recurrence in the posterior vaginal wall of the proximal half of the vagina, including pelvic and distant failure. Two other patients showed only distant failure. The estimated 3-year actuarial rate of any vaginal recurrence was 2.6% (95% confidence interval, 0-6.3%). The 5-year overall survival was 84%, similar to that in the female Dutch population matched for age and date of diagnosis. The acute side effects were low, consisting mainly of the occurrence of temporary diarrhea (2%). CONCLUSION: Postoperative VBT by a ring applicator results in a low recurrence risk, survival rates comparable with the normal female population, and a very low risk of acute morbidity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-278
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Endometrial cancer
  • Vaginal brachytherapy
  • Ring applicator

Cite this