Possible Adverse Effects of Food Additive E171 (Titanium Dioxide) Related to Particle Specific Human Toxicity, Including the Immune System

N.S. Bischoff*, T.M. de Kok, D.T.H.M. Sijm, S.G. van Breda, J.J. Briede, J.J.M. Castenmiller, A. Opperhuizen, Y.I. Chirino, H. Dirven, D. Gott, E. Houdeau, A.G. Oomen, M. Poulsen, G. Rogler, H. van Loveren

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Web of Science)
Original languageEnglish
Article number207
Number of pages35
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • 3 nanoscale
  • adverse health effects
  • dna-damage
  • e171
  • exposure
  • food additive
  • food safety
  • in-vivo
  • intestinal epithelium
  • mode of action
  • nano size
  • nanomaterial
  • oral exposure
  • oral toxicity
  • pigment-grade
  • review
  • risk-assessment
  • sprague-dawley
  • tio2
  • tio2 nanoparticles
  • titanium dioxide
  • toxicity
  • E171
  • DNA-DAMAGE
  • SPRAGUE-DAWLEY
  • EXPOSURE
  • 3 NANOSCALE
  • PIGMENT-GRADE
  • ORAL TOXICITY
  • INTESTINAL EPITHELIUM
  • IN-VIVO
  • RISK-ASSESSMENT
  • TiO2
  • TIO2 NANOPARTICLES

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