Living-donated liver transplant (LDLT) patients may develop lung edema during reperfusion, requiring higher positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) levels, which may impair liver outflow. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of increased PEEP levels on venous liver outflow and systemic hemodynamics in patients after LDLT. Thirty-nine LDLT recipients were enrolled in this study. All patients were postoperatively pressure-controlled ventilated and three different PEEP levels (0, 5 and 10 mbar) were randomly set. Systemic hemodynamic parameters and flow velocities of the hepatic artery, portal vein, and right hepatic vein were recorded at each PEEP level. PEEP of 10 mbar increased significantly central venous and pulmonary capillary pressure. Flow velocities in the right hepatic vein, the portal vein, the hepatic artery, mean arterial pressure, pulmonary arterial pressure, and cardiac index were not influenced by PEEP. Our study demonstrated that PEEP up to 10 mbar did not impair liver outflow in LDLT recipients.