Poly (ADP-ribose) Polymerase-1-Inhibiting Flavonoids Attenuate Cytokine Release in Blood from Male Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or Type 2 Diabetes

A.R. Weseler, L. Geraets, H.J. Moonen, R.J. Manders, L.J. van Loon, H.J. Pennings, E.F. Wouters, A. Bast, G.J. Hageman

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    Abstract

    Recently, we identified several flavonoids as inhibitors of the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-1 in vitro and in vivo. PARP-1 is recognized as coactivator of nuclear factor-kappaB and plays a role in the pathophysiology of diseases with low-grade systemic inflammation, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). In this study, we assessed the antiinflammatory effects of flavonoids with varying PARP-1-inhibiting effects in whole blood from male patients with COPD or T2D and healthy men. A total of 10 COPD, 10 T2D patients, and 10 healthy volunteers matched for age and BMI were recruited. Blood from each participant was exposed to 1 mug/L lipopolysaccharide (LPS) over 16 h with or without preincubation with 10 mumol/L of flavone, fisetin, morin, or tricetin. Concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-6, -8, and -10 were measured in the supernatant. Preincubation with fisetin and tricetin strongly attenuated LPS-induced increases in concentrations of TNFalpha in blood from COPD patients [mean (+/- SEM): -41 +/- 4% (fisetin) and -31 +/- 4% (tricetin); P < 0.001] and IL-6 in blood from T2D patients [-31 +/- 5% (fisetin) and -29 +/- 6% (tricetin); P </= 0.001]. Moreover, LPS-induced changes in TNFalpha and IL-6 concentrations were positively correlated with the extent of reduction by fisetin and tricetin. The PARP-1-inhibiting flavonoids fisetin and tricetin were able to attenuate LPS-induced cytokine release from leukocytes of patients with chronic systemic inflammation, indicating a potential application as nutraceutical agents for these patient groups.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)952-957
    JournalJournal of Nutrition
    Volume139
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

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