This study addresses the question of how trans-national regulations could stimulate environmentally friendly and socially responsible transportation. Three scenarios are developed for 2010, taking into account various costs related to road, rail, and inland waterway transportation, including costs to society and environmental costs. The attractiveness of different containerized transport modes is calculated for a representative freight corridor in the European Union. The modal split is adjusted for the capacity limitations of the different modes. Analysis of the results reveals that dedicated cargo rail and inland waterways, the two more socially responsible transportation modes, are already relatively attractive to shippers, but lack sufficient capacity to deal with forecasted demand. Further legislative interventions, such as increased taxation, would therefore only increase the financial burden to shippers and society. Important investments appear necessary for the,further development of dedicated cargo rail and inland waterways.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2005|