Policies that limit youth access and exposure to tobacco: a scientific neglect of the first stages of the policy process

Thomas G. Kuijpers*, Anton E. Kunst, Marc C. Willemsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

BackgroundPolicymakers can adopt and implement various supply-side policies to limit youth access and exposure to tobacco, such as increasing the minimum age of sale, limiting the number or type of tobacco outlets, or banning the display of tobacco products. Many studies have assessed the impact of these policies, while less is known about the preceding policy process. The aim of our review was to assess the available evidence on the preceding process of agenda setting, policy formulation, and policy legitimation.MethodsA systematic literature search was conducted using the PubMed and the Social Sciences Citation Index databases. After selection, 200 international peer-reviewed articles were identified and analyzed. Through a process of close reading, evidence based on scientific enquiry and anecdotal evidence on agenda setting, policy formulation and policy legitimation was abstracted from each article.ResultsScientific evidence on the policy process is scarce for these policies, as most of the evidence found was anecdotal. Only one study provided evidence based on a scientific analysis of data on the agenda setting and legitimation phases of policy processes that led to the adoption of display bans in two Australian jurisdictions.ConclusionThe processes influencing the adoption of youth access and exposure policies have been grossly understudied. A better understanding of the policy process is essential to understand country variations in tobacco control policy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number825
Number of pages8
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Tobacco control
  • Public policy
  • Advocacy
  • Prevention
  • Youth access
  • Policy process
  • Policy making
  • POINT-OF-SALE
  • CIGARETTE VENDING MACHINES
  • ELECTRONIC LOCKING DEVICES
  • MINIMUM-AGE LAW
  • SMOKING PREVENTION
  • ADOLESCENT SMOKING
  • OUTLET DENSITY
  • UNITED-STATES
  • YOUNG-PEOPLE
  • IMPACT

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