Pneumocephalus: a rare and life-threatening, but reversible, complication after penetrating lumbar injury

Zora Gorissen*, Karlijn Hakvoort, Mark van den Boogaart, Sylvia Klinkenberg, Olaf Schijns

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Pneumocephalus, the presence of intracranial air, is a complication especially seen after neurotrauma or brain surgery. When it leads to a pressure gradient, a so-called tension pneumocephalus, it may require emergency surgery. Clinical symptomatology, especially in young children, does not differentiate between a pneumocephalus and a tension pneumocephalus. An additional CT scan is therefore warranted. Here, we report on a rare case of pneumocephalus after penetrating lumbar injury. Additionally, the pathophysiology of pneumocephalus, as well as its recommendations for diagnosis and treatment, will be elucidated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-365
Number of pages5
JournalActa Neurochirurgica
Volume161
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Pneumocephalus
  • Tension pneumocephalus
  • Spinal trauma
  • Pediatric patients
  • DIFFUSE PNEUMOCEPHALUS
  • TENSION PNEUMOCEPHALUS
  • SURGERY

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